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jericoacoara

J E R I       L I M I T S       N A T I O N A L  P A R K       D I S T R I C T
 
> J E R I <

    Jericoacoara was originally a fisherman village around 300 km far from Fortaleza, Ceará Capital, in the Northeastern corner of Brazil. It’s said that in the native indian language Jericoacoara means "alligator sunning itself", in addition the local fishermen say that seen from the sea “pedra furada” (bored stone) seems to be an alligator eye.

    Jericoacoara was established by the municipal law nº. 94 from June 29, 1923, Geographically it is a bay naturally protected by a dune “range” which prevented the explorers to invade its immaculate land. Thus, from the XVII Century on, just few adventurers are reported to have sporadically visited this region on their way to Maranhão. Jericoacoara was finally discovered by the international tourists in the mid-70s. The American newspaper “The Washington Post” considers Jericoacoara one of the ten most beautiful beaches in the world.

    It has a population of 2,000 people and provides every basic service you need, such as: telephone facilities, health facilities, drugstores, dentists, laundries, supermarkets, etc. As it is located within a National Park, everything in Jericoacoara is in perfect synchronism with nature. Enjoy what Jericoacoara has to offer you preserving environment. The only way to reach Jeri is by riding a 4x4 vehicle through tracks, ponds, sand dunes and beaches! The most popular means of transportation, both for usual traffic and tours, is the buggy.
    All streets in Jericoacoara are sandy and there is no public lighting, since the electric power network is underground, Jeri nights are a show by themselves. Jeri has an incredible variety of landscapes: sand dunes, transparent water ponds, swamps, deserted beaches and the famous “Pedra Furada” (bored stone). Just recently, windsurfers and kite-surfers discovered that Jericoacoara is one of the five best places to practice these radical sports, since it has 20 to 30 knot winds every day between July and December!
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> L I M I T S <

    "There are no limits in Jericoacoara"...
    Jericoacoara is located in the Jijoca municipality which is bordered by: Preá Village and Cruz municipality on the east, Camocim municipality on the west, the Atlantic Ocean on the north and Bela Cruz municipality on the south.
    Jericoacoara is 300 km far from Fortaleza if you travel to the Northwest, and 220 km far from Parnaíba, in the State of Piauí, if you travel towards East.
    Due to its privileged nature the sun always sets below the sea horizon! That’s true, the sun sets on the west, but the Jeri bay geographic situation provides a “sunset” similar to those of the South America west coast, it means, similar to the Pacific Ocean sunsets. But we are on the Atlantic Ocean coast! This best exemplifies the first sentence of this topic...
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> N A T I O N A L  P A R K <

    In 1984 a federal law established the Jericoacoara Environmental Protected Area, ruled by several local norms that have to be enforced. The Jericoacoara EPA (Environment Preservation Area) supervision and control is performed by IBAMA (Brazilian Environmental Institute) local office team. The protected area has approximately 200 km2, and is limited by the Preá Beach on its east side and by the Guriú Village on its west side. Jericoacoara EPA extends as far as 10 km from the coast towards the inland region and includes different landscapes: giant movable sand dunes, crystal water ponds, swamps, coconut trees, calm sea inlets, wavy ocean beaches, rocky beaches, caverns, etc
    The February 4, 2002 Decree creates the Jericoacoara National Park and redefines its Environmentally Protected Area. The eight thousand four hundred and sixteen hectare-Jericoacoara National Park is located in Cruz and Jijoca municipalities in the State of Ceará, comprehending the already existing EPA aforementioned.
    The Jericoacoara National Park aims at protecting and preserving samples of the coastal ecosystem, ensuring that its natural resources are preserved and providing public use, education and scientific research through controlled opportunities.    (fonte: IBAMA)
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> D I S T R I C T <

    Jijoca de Jericoacoara is a municipality within the Jericoacoara Village. Jijoca is an etymological native indian term expressing the union of an indian couple, Ji and Joca, who were the chiefs of a local tribe.
    According to the historian Raimundo Girão “...in 1614, after arriving at Iguape Harbor, located in the Aquiraz municipality, and living in Ceará, Fortim de São Sebastião, Soares Moreno went to Jerônimo de Albuquerque located in the Jericoacoara region and, at the foot of a hill, built a small fort named Forte de Nossa Senhora do Rosário making use of wood poles. On October 5, 1614 he promoted a great party to praise the Saint. On July 18 of the same year, the fort was attacked by the French pirate Du Prat and his ship crew, but the attack was heroically repelled..."
    The Fort the historian referred to is located in a bay area belonging to the former Acaraú district, where nowadays we can find the Jericoacoara Village.
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